Study Shows Why It Is Better To Wait Until Later In Life To Have Children

Women post-30 have recently been having babies; the increase has been undeniable.

Pew Research Center, says that modern-day mothers are more likely to be 35 or older than their counterparts from two decades ago when conceiving their first child. Despite the number of first-time moms ages 20 and 24 falling, the number of births to women in their 30s and 40s keeps growing. In the past 20 years, the number of women having children in their mid-40s and beyond has tripled.

Why The Shift To “Older Motherhood?”

She works hard for the money.

Over the last few decades, women have delayed marriage to seek more education or establish themselves in jobs and careers. The economic downturn of the last decade has also compelled parents-to-be to wait until they have the resources necessary for childrearing.

Medical professionals are not saying it is better to have children when a woman is older, but many women feel they have some flexibility in deciding when to have kids. Additionally, advances in fertility technology, such as egg freezing, in-vitro fertilization, frozen embryos, surrogates, and donor eggs, also make it more feasible for women to put off motherhood until the time is right.

Recent wide-ranging studies have found significant long-term benefits in waiting to have babies that counterbalance some of the worries about being an older mother.

What are the benefits? Here are 5 upsides to having children later in life.

1. Having Children At An Older Age May Prolong Life
A study in the journal Menopause examined older mothers’ life expectancy. They found that women who had their last child after the age of 33 are more likely to live to 95. Researchers reported that these women had twice the chance of living to 95 or older than those who had their last child before their 30th birthday. The news for women having babies after 40 is equally promising.

The American Journal of Public Health reported looking at maternal age at childbirth and longevity and echoed those findings. Taking the data from approximately 20,000 women in the United States for 21 years, the analysis concluded that having your first baby even at age 25 or after increased the likelihood of living into your 90s.

2. Boosted Brain Power
Researchers at the University of Southern California found that women have “better brain power after menopause” if they had their last baby after the age 35. The researchers looked at pregnancy history of a diverse group of 830 women ages 41 to 92. Their research, published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, provides strong evidence of “a positive association between later age at last pregnancy and late-life cognition.”

The study also found that brain function may be improved and the chance of memory loss decreased if women used hormonal contraceptives for more than 10 years or began menstruating before age 13. The theory behind these findings is that hormones impact long-term brain function.

3. Increased Income Over Time
There’s a measurable link between the age you have your first child and income gains and losses. Women who start their families when they are older are likely to increase their earning potential.

“Children do not kill careers, but the earlier children arrive, the more their mother’s income suffers. There is a clear incentive for delaying,” says Raul Santaeulalia-Llopis, co-author of a study looking at the relationship between a mother’s age at first birth and her lifetime earnings; the research was published in the open access journal PLOS One.

Santaeulalia-Llopis found that the age at which women have a first child has an impact on their lifelong wages for both those with and without college degrees. The study examined birth statistics from a Danish database and concluded that women whose age at first birth was under 25 had the greatest lifetime labor income loss; there were lifetime financial gains for women who were 31 years and older when their first child was born.

4. Better Educational and Emotional Support for Children
Parents who have more secondary education can also offer more specific stimulation to their children, which can be helpful for development. An investigation of 8- to 12-year-olds explored how specific parenting beliefs and behaviors – such as reading, constructive play, and emotional support – affected child development. The research published in the Journal of Family Psychology found that parent education and income positively affect child achievement.

5. Positive Long-term Outcomes for Children
Taking increased earning potential into consideration, another study concluded that waiting to have children – even until age 40 and older – is associated with long-term benefits for children. The study published last year in the journal Population and Development Review revealed several pluses: Children born to older mothers stayed in the educational system longer, did better on standardized tests, and were more likely to go to college than their peers who were born to younger mothers. The researchers also found that because older mothers have likely stayed in school longer, they use more extensive vocabularies when interacting with their young children. The study notes that having this kind of parental role model often translates to how children communicate themselves and how they perform in school.

Interestingly, when the researchers analyzed data from siblings who essentially had a similar home environment, they noted that the sibling born when the mother was older stayed in the educational system longer, was more likely to attend college and performed better on standardized tests than the siblings born when their mother was younger.

Given the aforementioned, if you decide to push motherhood to your later years, these perks may help alleviate some of the time pressure you may feel.

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